Wat Phra Phai Luang is located near the Sanluang gate in the North city wall, just outside of the old walled town. The temple dates to the end of the 12th century or early 13th century before the founding of the Sukhothai Kingdom, which makes it one of the oldest monuments in Sukhothai.
It is believed to have been founded during the reign of Angkor King Jayavarman VII, who built some of Angkor’s most impressive monuments including the Bayon temple. Wat Phra Phai Luang was built by the Khmer when the Sukhothai area was an outpost of the Khmer empire. It was the center of town in the pre Sukhothai era and the most important temple of that time.
The temple was dedicated to Vishnu. Later in the Sukhothai era it was converted into a Theravada Buddhist temple.
The large temple is built on a square area surrounded by a 600 meter long moat, its buildings aligned on an East-West axis. Since its structures were built during different periods, the temple shows the evolution in Sukhothai architecture and art. It contains examples of different architectural styles such as Khmer, Sukhothai and Ayutthaya.
Wat Phrapai Luang
Location: Mueang Kao, Mueang Sukhothai District, Sukhothai 64210 Thailand