Phra Sumen Fort is located in Santichai Prakan Park on the Chao Phraya River Bank at the end of Phra A-thit Road linking Phra Sumen Road, the same name as the fort, is one of the two forts during the reign of King Rama I remaining in Phra Nakorn. It is an octagon-shaped first with the openings for bombardiers and the armory and is considered an important feature of Phra A-thit Road. Currently, It has been continuously renovated to be maintained in perfect condition and has been registered as a national archeological site.
In 1981, the Fine Arts Department repaired it based on the photos taken in the reign of King Rama V, for its original condition and also improved the area around as the public park named Santichai Prakarn with a pavilion named Phrathinang Santichai used in Royal Barge Procession. It features a distinctive Thai-style architecture of wood carvings and pediment. From Santichai Prakarn Oark, you can see the Chao Phraya River and Rama VI Bridge with clear atmosphere. There is a grass yard for the locals and visitors to relax and enjoy Chao Phraya River view. People usually come her for exercising and participating in cultural activities held throughout the year such as musical performances and traditional events. This place is the site of the last cork tree of Bang Lam Phu before it died due to the big flood in 2011whereas a new one has just been planted.
In those days, 14 forts were built to protect the city of para Nakorn whereas they were dismantled later since the wars ended. Phra Sumen Fort is one of the two remaining forts in Phra Nakorn while the other fort is the Mahakan Fort with the north gate and walls opposite Wat Bovornniwet Wihan, Phra Sumen Road, restored in 201. Mahakan Fort is a city gate in the reign of King Rama V, which is unlike traditional doors made of laterite wood in the reign of King Rama I and brick doors used as a battle tower during the reign of King Rama III. The name of Phra Sumen Road was derived from the name of Phra Sumen Fort.
Phra Sumen Fort
Location: Chana Songkhram, Phra Nakhon, Bangkok 10200 Thailand