Ban Kao National Museum is established in 1965. H.R. Van Heekerren, the Dutch archaeologist, one of Allied Prisoners of the War, while he was constructing the bridge over the river Kwai, he found cracker stone tools and polished stone axes. When the war ended, he took the stones and researched in USA. This led Ban Kao site to the first systematic prehistoric archaeological excavation in Thailand.
Bankao excavation was conducted by Thai-Danish prehistoric expedition from 1960-1962 in the Kwai Noi riverside area of Mr. Lue and Mr. Bang Leung Dang. There found many prehistoric pots, axe heads, jewelry made from animal bones, and other artifacts.
The museum displays 8 rooms: the 1st room presents history of Kachanaburi ; the 2nd room presents Ban Kao archeology area; the 3rd room presents special exhibition room; the 4th room presents Kanchanaburi archeology area; the 5th room present development of Kanchanburi community; the 6th room presents the story of Prasat Mueang Sing historical park; the 7th room presents archeology in Khao Laem Dam (Vajiralongkorn), and the 8th room presents ancient wooden coffin.
To back to the prehistoric times, you must visit and perceive the world’s prehistoric civilizations of the museum. In the past, there was a discovery of a burial site of Neolithic men and artifacts such as stone axes, ornament and pottery were unearthed in situ in 1964.
Then, the Fine Arts Department constructed a wooden Thai-style house to exhibit those skeletons and stuffs, and continually built more to display what they found in the area. Presently, the museum is still a popular destination of travelers who want to learn one page history of Kanchanaburi.
Ban Kao National Museum
Location: 164 Moo 3 Ban Kao, Mueang Kanchanaburi District, Kanchanaburi 71000 Thailand